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Table of Contents

147 Tips For Teaching Peace and Reconciliation

by William M. Timpson, Edward J. Brantmeier, Nathalie Kees, Tom Cavanagh, Claire McGlynn, and Elavie Ndura-Ouédraogo



PREFACE
INTRODUCTION

UNDERSTANDING PEACE EDUCATION

   1. Rethink the War and Dominance Paradigms
   2. Create Concentric Circles for Positive Peace
   3. Enhance Holistic Peace Thinking
   4. Create a Violence Tree: Track Everyday Acts of Indirect and Direct
       Violence
   5. Map Peace and Violence Toward Local Change
   6. Conduct a Webbing Exercise: Know that Violence Impacts us All
   7. Make Meaningful Contact and Reduce Conflict
   8. Understand How Oppression Sparks Violence
   9. Learn Lessons about Peaceful Coexistence from Integrated Schools
 10. Promote Peace Leadership: Adopt Transformative Values and
      Capacities
  11. Understand the Role of Peace Education
  12. Search for Forgiveness as Part of Reconciliation
  13. Redefine the Purposes of School and Emphasize Universal

Love, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation

  14. Move Toward a Critical Peace Education
  15. Join the Dance of Diversity and Unity for Peace
  16. Identify Role Models of Peaceful Right Action
  17. Research Female Role Models of Peace
  18. Learn about the Peace Pilgrim (1908-1981)
  19. Understand How Memories Can Undermine Reconciliation
  20. Teach about Threat and Challenge

BEING PEACE

  21. Perk Up, Lean In, and Stay Centered
  22. Overcome Prejudice and Practice Loving-Kindness Meditation
  23. Find Peace Within: A Guided Meditation
  24. Think Peace with Every Step and Raise Awareness
  25. Counteract Compassion Fatigue with Tonglen Practice
  26. Being Peace: Walking the Labyrinth
  27. Explore Pacifism

DOING PEACE

  28. Understand the Types of Peace Education
  29. Study Lessons from a Divided Society Moving toward Peace

PEACE KEEPING

  30. It Is Our Job to Transform Conflict
  31. Question the Conflict-Education Connection
  32. Retake Ownership of Conflicts
  33. Remove Weapons

PEACEMAKING

  34. Honor the Wisdom of the Peacemaking Circle and the Way of Council
  35. Reframe Disruptions as Opportunities to Build Peacemaking
       Capacities
  36. Learn from Others Who Have Experience with Violence
  37. Dig for a Deeper Peace
  38. Employ Patience and Perseverance for Peace
  39. Make Peace with Fears and Get Involved
  40. Study the Natural World for Insights into Peacemaking

PEACE BUILDING

  41. Build Empathy for Intercultural Peace: Use Position-Taking
        Introductions
  42. Eat Together and Celebrate Common Ground for Peaceful Coexistence
  43. Cultivate a Sense of Universal Responsibility for Building Peace
  44. Prevent Violence and Build Capacity for Peace
  45. Create Hands of Heroes and Share Ideas for a Peaceful Future
  46. Master the Basics of Peacemaking
  47. Create Learning Communities for Peace and Reconciliation
  48. Develop "True Dialogue" for Deeper Communication and Greater Caring
  49. Develop Deep Listening as a Peacemaking Skill
  50. Learn to Express Empathically
  51. Use Consensus to Fully Explore Alternatives
  52. Investigate Programs that Further Peace and Reconciliation
  53. Create Soldiers of Peace and Reconciliation
  54. Build Something Out of the Ashes of Violence
  55. Drink Three Cups of Tea for Peaceful Coexistence

CELEBRATING PEACE

  56. Create Your Own Nobel Peace Prize
  57. Study and Re-Create the Symbols of Peace

UNDERSTANDING DIFFERENT BELIEF AND FAITH SYSTEMS

  58. Keep the Faith about Peace and Reconciliation
  59. Utilize Contemplative Practices in Counseling and Education
  60. Emulate Some Quaker Peace Practices
  61. Create a Clearness Committee

UNDERSTANDING CONFLICT AND RESTORATIVE PRACTICES

  62. Shift from Retributive to Restorative Justice as a Means of
       Reconciliation
  63. Forgive and Honor Memories
  64. Imagine Possibilities and Act
  65. Restore Hope and Instill Motivation
  66. Help Restore Happiness and Create Fulfilling Lives
  67. Understand Indigenous Conceptions of Caring
  68. Promote Restorative Justice and Violence Reduction
  69. Practice Ifoga and Promote Reconciliation
  70. Establish Truth and Reconciliation Commissions
  71. Remember the Past and Do Something to Promote Reconciliation
  72. Maintain Positive and Peaceful Relationships
  73. Reconcile and Restore
  74. Differentiate between Wants and Needs
  75. Challenge the Language of Conflict
  76. Find Peace in Every Patch of Natural Area
  77. Take the Third Side

SEEING INTERCONNECTIONS

  78. Multiculturalism as a Perspective on Human Life
  79. Understand Critical Multiculturalism as a Response to Cultural
       Diversity
  80. Unpack White Privilege: The Inner Circle
  81. Challenge the Essentialization of Identity
  82. Understand Identity and Conflict
  83. Promote an Anti-Bias (ABC) Approach
  84. Use a Prejudice Awareness Exercise
  85. Work towards Deconstructing Identity in Conflict and Post-Conflict
       Societies
  86. Understand Curriculum and Transformative Citizenship
  87. Comfort and Empower with a Cultural Blanket
  88. Create Non-Dominating and Peaceful Relationships
  89. Use Internet-Based Networks to Promote Peace and Reconciliation
  90. Understand Dominance and Address the Color-blind Perspective
  91. Apply the Pedagogy of Architecture
  92. Understand How Food Connects Us across Every Divide

BUILDING A POSITIVE CLIMATE AND SUPPORTING COOPERATION

  93. Fall into Trust
  94. Establish a Language for Trust
  95. Collaborate and Contribute
  96. Be, Live and Learn in Peaceful Relationships
  97. Build and Sustain Peaceful Networks

DEVELOPING EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

  98. Address Emotional Intelligence and Development
  99. Correct Misplaced Aggression in the Media
100. Transform Motivation into Constructive Change
101. Rethink Revenge
102. Listen to Veterans Talk about Peace
103. Take an International Perspective

ENCOURAGING CRITICAL THINKING ABOUT ALTERNATIVES
TO VIOLENCE

104. Provide a Bird’s Eye View of Conflict and Interpersonal Relationships in
       Literature: Use the Drama Triangle
105. Use the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights
       (UNDHR)
106. Identify Points in Literature where Ego and Status Quo Are Threatened
107. Use an Advance Organizer for Peace and Reconciliation
108. Enhance "Perspective Consciousness" about Diverse Views
109. Practice Best-Case Thinking about Peace and Reconciliation
110. Understand Learning Style Preferences for Peacemaking
111. Use Cooperative, Experiential and Student-Centered Approaches
112. Explore the Sounds of Peace
113. Use Inductive Thinking to Re-Think Problems
114. Explore Critical and Controversial Issues
115. Get Past Your Biases and Open Up to New Insights
116. Construct, Deconstruct, and Reconstruct Attitudes
117. Hear and Respect Other Voices
118. Confront the Violence in Language
119. Explore Shakespeare
120. Make Peace with the Planet
121. Question Reality and Accept Responsibility

PROMOTING CREATIVITY

122. Use Stories to Engage and Teach
123. Use "Sculpting Reality" and "Utopia" to Generate New Insights
124. Create "Spect-Actors" to Explore New Insights
125. Use Performance to Engage Audiences
126. Take the Bus
127. Drumming for Peace: Health and Music Therapy

USING A DEVELOPMENTAL AND VALUES PERSPECTIVE

128. Take a Developmental Approach
129. Examine Values
130. Identify Contradictions
131. Insist on Integrity

UNDERSTANDING AND BUILDING CURRICULUM

132. Understand Curriculum Development
133. Deepen Learning within the Cognitive Domain
134. Understand Engagement, Values and the Affective Domain
135. Be Mindful about Action
136. Use Film for Multi-Sensory Representations of Peace and
       Reconciliation
137. Include Diverse Voices and Social Action
138. Transform the Canon

STUDYING CHANGE AND TAKING INITIATIVE FOR PEACE AND RECONCILIATION

139. Look Locally and Take Action
140. Provide a Suitcase of Hope
141. Design a Peace Park
142. Help People Face the Reality of Violence and War
143. Take a Public Stand on Peace and Reconciliation
144. Become a Servant Leader for Peace and Reconciliation
145. Study Connectedness and Promote Peaceful Change
146. Make Continuous Improvement toward Peace and Reconciliation
147. Keep on Walking

POSTSCRIPT
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
AUTHOR BIOGRAPHIES

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