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Table of Contents

147 Practical Tips for Teaching Diversity
by William M. Timpson,  Raymond K. Yang, Evelinn A. Borrayo, Silvia Sara Canetto,
Jessica Gonzalez-Voller, and Malcolm E. Scott


THEORETICAL FOUNDATION FOR A PEDAGOGY OF HUMAN DIVERSITY

1. See differences as constructed and real
2. Honor expertise on diversity
3. Be inclusive and note intersections
4. Study diversity
5. Examine policies and court decisions
6. Understand similarities

Expand And Deepen Student Thinking

7. Welcome contradictions and get students to think on
    the edge of their comfort zones
8. Connect thinking and personal experience to research
9. Analyze terms, concepts and the deeper meaning of
    language
10. Introduce new ways of thinking
11. Pause for reflection
12. Celebrate initiative, growth, and development
13. Emphasize critical and creative thinking
14. Make use of different student perspectives and count
      your blessings
15. Seek closure
16. Invite new thinking
17. Help students stretch  and develop a compassionate
      concern for others
18. Require deeper analysis of experiences
19. Avoid easy answers and embrace complexity

Support Student-Centered Learning

20. Understand student development
21. Be alert to problems and challenge assumptions
22. Encourage self-examination and self-acceptance
23. Use off-campus opportunities
24. Use student response sheets
25. Develop and use empathy
26. Build supportive classroom communities
27. Connect to the personal
28. Have students write a cultural autobiography
29. Encourage participation and stir the soul
30. Recognize the mix of the theoretical and the personal
31. Allow time
32. Emphasize constructivist learning
33. De-center authority — maybe

Develop Rapport, Community, and Emotional Maturity

34. Find the positive in student responses
35. Get to know your students and make connections
36. Make connections to student lives
37. Support cooperation
38. Teach students about emotional intelligence
39. Rearrange seating to facilitate interactions
40. Address guilt when it becomes a problem
41. Share your own struggles
42. Help students understand systems
43. De-emphasize evaluation during practice

Face Conflicts With Intelligence, Sensitivity, and Creativity

44. Discuss possible tensions and the lessons that can emerge
      from suffering
45. Know that there’s a time to be objective and detached
46. Counter polarization
47. Prepare for sensitive topics
48. Remember that emotions can be constructive
49. Explore possibilities with the performing arts

Unlearn Stereotyping and Prejudice

50. Discuss stereotypes
51. Recognize that there is no spokesperson for an entire
      population in your class
52. Admit to your biases
53. Expose contradictions
54. Understand privilege
55. Critically examine the standard or ideal
56. Speak the truth and name the oppression
57. Have courage

Create Safe, Open, Inclusive, and Supportive Classrooms

58. Balance openness and safety
59. Encourage participation
60. Ensure care when speaking
61. Use student dyads
62. Practice generosity
63. Create alliances and contracts with students
64. Practice democracy and promote citizenship
65. Be humble
66. Develop student leadership skills
67. Honor choices
68. Insist on responsible language
69. Ensure safety for instructors
70. Reduce perceived threat
71. Create supportive policies and practices

Develop Your Instructional Skills

72. Manage multiple roles and use varied approaches
73. Use simulations
74. Model what you expect
75. Understand and use your own reactions
76. Connect teaching and learning
77. Be enthusiastic about teaching
78. Use course websites
79. Solicit multiple assessments
80. Teach from the heart
81. Invite diverse guests
82. Assign journals
83. Make teaching transparent
84. Solicit feedback from students

Communicate and Collaborate

85. Emphasize collaboration and prosocial skills
86. Practice professionalism
87. Prize relationships and encourage gratitude
88. Balance participation
89. Acknowledge group support and build teamwork
90. Be credible
91. Use student legacies
92. Make use of classroom diversity
93. Teach and practice I-messages

Challenge Ideas, Attitudes, and Beliefs

94. Challenge traditions and question basic concepts
95. Value diverse perspectives
96. Address taboo subjects
97. Challenge naiveté
98. Reduce academic distance
99. Teach resistance

Support Positive Change

100. Think of transformation
101. Teach activism
102. Assign change projects
103. Emphasize awareness and involvement
104. Choose a healthy perspective and build on hope

Rethink Curriculum and Expectations

105. Broaden the range of variation under study
106. Address current diversity issues
107. Teach against the grain
108. Search for new material
109. Supplement class readings
110. Use film clips for shared experiences
111. Use case studies
112. Teach about rights
113. Be alert to challenges and opportunities on gender
        issues
114. Focus on first-year seminars and orientation programs
115. Identify underlying issues
116. Maintain high expectations of your students

Support Personal and Professional Development

117. Challenge yourself
118. Commit to personal growth
119. Find time to read
120. Share strategies with colleagues
121. Understand the dynamics of peer support
122. Make use of professional opportunities
123. Emphasize honest self-reflection
124. Overcome silence about injustice
125. Develop your own communication skills
126. Question your own status
127. Walk your talk
128. Support campus-wide professional development
129.
Revitalize your teaching by addressing diversity

Deepen Your Institution’s Commitment to Diversity

130. Seek out supportive leaders
131. Use strategic planning
132. Create action plans
133. Hire and retain diverse personnel
134. Pay attention to campus artifacts as signifiers
135. Advocate for "zero tolerance" policies
136. Seek support from administrators and other allies

Contribute to the Scholarship of Teaching Diversity

137. Conduct research on diversity
138. Write about your teaching
139. Lobby for institutional support for research

Support Diversity by Globalizing the Curriculum

140. Connect to the world on campus
141. Help students see their world through other lenses
142. Expand student worldviews
143. Put students onto a social map
144. Recognize the diversity of other worldviews
145. Understand the world with story and metaphor
146. Bring the world to your class with music
147.
Approach diversity with curiosity and empathy

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